Types of Uterine Cancer

Types of Uterine Cancer

Uterine cancer is the most common cancer of the female reproductive system. It grows into the tumour that starts in the cells of the uterus. It can also spread to other parts of the body. It has two primary types that develop in different parts of the uterus such as

1) Endometrial Cancer:

It is one of the most common type of uterine cancer. It begins in the layer of the cells that forms in the lining of the uterus & starts to grow out of control. The lining of the uterus is also known as Endometrium. It is most commonly diagnosed gynecological cancer, that includes cancer of the uterus, cervix/cervical cancer, ovaries, vulva, vagina and Fallopian tubes. There are different types of endometrial cancer such as

  • Serous adenocarcinoma:
    The tumors that are more likely to spread to the lymph nodes and other parts of the body.
  • Adenosquamous carcinoma:
    It is a rare uterine cancer & it is similar to endometrial cancer and adenocarcinoma of the squamous cells that line the outer layer of the uterus.
  • Uterine carcinosarcoma:
    These cancer cells that look like endometrial cancer and Uterine sarcoma and has a high risk of spreading to the lymph nodes and other parts of the body.

2) Uterine sarcoma:

It is a different type of cancer that develops in the uterine muscle wall. It has less than five percent of uterine cancer cases and spreads more quickly than endometrial cancer. There are different types of Uterine Sarcoma such as

  • Uterine leiomyosarcoma:
    It is the most common type of uterine sarcoma. It raises from the smooth muscular wall of the uterus known as the myometrium, and it makes up to 2 percent of uterine cancers.
  • Endometrial stromal sarcomas:
    These tumors develop in the connective tissues, that supports the endometrium. These cancers represent less than 1 percent of all types of uterine cancers, and typically grow very slow.
  • Undifferentiated sarcoma:
    It is a rare subtype of uterine sarcoma & this cancer is similar to endometrial stromal sarcoma, but it grows and spreads more quickly compare to other uterine sarcomas. These cancers make up less than 2 percent of all uterine cancers.