Risk Factors of Gynecological Cancer

Gynecological cancers can affect woman, some of the women may be at higher risk of cancer. Recognizing the risk factors can help women take advantage of screening health, which can detect problems before they become serious.

A risk factor is associated with chances of Increasing to develop a particular health condition, such as gynecological cancer. There are different types of risk factors, it should be notified that having one or more risk factors does not mean a woman will develop gynecological cancer. Most of the women have at least one risk factor but will never develop a gynecological cancer, while others with a gynecological cancer may have no risk factors. Even if a woman with a gynecological cancer has a risk factor, it is usually hard to know how much that risk factor contributed to the development of her disease.

There are several factors associated with the risk of developing one or more types of gynecological cancer. These risk factors include:

  • increasing age
  • having a strong family history
  • identified gene mutations
  • reproductive history, such as child-bearing
  • exposure to hormones & produced by the body or taken as medication
  • exposure to diethylstilboestrol (DES) in the womb
  • viral infection such as human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
  • lifestyle factors such as smoking, drinking alcohol and those leading to excess body weight.



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