IVF: What is it, and When Should it be Considered?
IVF is more successful than intrauterine insemination, another commonly used fertility procedure. Unlike IUI, it can treat almost any infertility problem.
In vitro fertilization, also known as IVF, is a common infertility treatment involving fertility drugs to stimulate multiple egg development. The eggs are retrieved from the ovaries using a small needle. They are then fertilized with sperm in a specialized lab. The embryos grow for 3 to 5 days before being placed in the uterus.
Who is a good candidate for in vitro fertilization?
IVF is the most successful infertility treatment for almost all patients, including those with the following:
- ovulation problems
- fallopian tube damage/obstruction
- pelvic adhesions
- poor semen quality
- unexplained infertility
- Prolonged infertility
It can also enable preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) of embryos.
IVF does not yield fertile eggs for patients. If the uterus is incapable of implanting and carrying a pregnancy, IVF cannot solve that problem.
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART), which include IVF, include the use of a donor egg, donor sperm and gestational carrier (surrogate), which can overcome almost all biological infertility limitations. It can also be used for single people and other non-traditional family buildings.
Ayaansh Hospital is the Best IVF Centre in Bangalore & known for its affordable IVF / Fertility Treatment in Indiranagar.
IVF Success Rates
Age is the primary factor that affects IVF success rates. Women younger than 35 have a 50/50 chance of having a baby with their first IVF egg retrieval and subsequent embryo transfer(s). Women who don’t get pregnant following the first IVF cycle still have a very high chance of getting pregnant on the second, third and even more cycles of IVF
What are the Advantages, Disadvantages, and Risks of IVF?
IVF is more successful than intrauterine insemination (IUI), another common fertility procedure. Unlike IUI, it can treat almost any infertility problem. It can also provide access to genetic testing of embryos. Further, IVF has a greater capability to prevent multiple births through utilizing single embryo transfer (SET). It is also generally a faster way to get pregnant because success rates are higher.
IVF can also benefit people wanting more than one child. Often additional frozen embryos not used to get the first pregnancy can be used in the future to attempt to have additional children.
The disadvantages are that it is a more demanding process than IUI. IUI involves only mild ovarian stimulation, a small amount of monitoring and office-based IUI.
IVF requires much stronger ovarian stimulation, frequent daily monitoring, an egg retrieval procedure with conscious sedation and anesthesia, laboratory fertilization and embryo growth, usually cryopreservation (freezing) and storage of embryos, and embryo transfer followed by progesterone injections or suppositories.
Decisions to make
Patient factors such as age, fertility diagnosis and family medical history will help women and men decide if the chances are good enough to try IVF. If the chances are very poor, it may be appropriate to consider donor eggs or sperm. Your fertility clinic can refer you to agencies and other sources to obtain these.
Other decisions include:
- consideration of pre-treatment genetic testing of women and men
- preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) of the embryo
- type of treatment cycle, number of embryos to transfer
- number of embryos to freeze
When should someone go straight to IVF?
Patients should proceed straight to IVF when pregnancy chances with IUI are low but higher with IVF. Among these are damage to the fallopian tubes, moderate to severe endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, and factors that contribute more than mild male infertility.
Women should also turn straight to IVF when they have a short time to try to get pregnant because of age, diminished ovarian reserve or other factors. This is when they can afford IVF, when PGT is needed, and when donor eggs or gestational carriers are needed.
Patients should choose IUI or IVF in consultation with Ayaansh Hospital, the Best IVF Centre in Bangalore. It is known for its affordable IVF / Fertility Treatment in Indiranagar. That way, you get a balanced opinion.
Deciding whether to pursue fertility treatments and, if so, which ones can be challenging and complex. But investing time and money in having a baby offers no significant reward.
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