Can Sexually Transmitted Infections Affect Fertility?
According to the World Health Organization, more than a million people become with some kind of sexually transmitted infection (STI) each day. Sexually transmitted infections are often present without symptoms and go unnoticed. Some of these conditions have serious consequences. In other words, they do more harm to the body than they appear to.
For instance, some of the most commonly found STIs like chlamydia are major causes of ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus), pelvic inflammatory disease, and infertility. However, these are preventable causes of infertility. Let us consider how chlamydia impairs the reproductive system causing fertility.
How STI’s affect the Reproductive System?
Symptoms In Women Include:
- Vaginal pain or burning
- Change in texture or color of vaginal discharge
- Irregular bleeding
- Burning feeling while urinating
- Pelvic pain (in advanced stages)
If you experience pelvic pain, it could indicate that the infection has proceeded to the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes as well. Women with STI’s are at a higher risk of experiencing tubal infertility than women without any infection. These infections can cause permanent damage to the reproductive organs if left untreated.
Symptoms In Men Include:
- Mild burning during urination
- Grey/yellow penile discharge
- Testicular pain
The above symptoms may resolve even if medication is not taken. However, the infection remains.
Most of the STI’s are treated easily with a dosage of antibiotics. Early detection and treatment of infections are important. If you think you and your partner’s fertility has been compromised by a sexually transmitted disease, visit a fertility expert to learn what kinds of IVF Treatment options you have.